A Complete List of VA Benefits

A member of the military holds the American flag over his head in celebration of his VA benefits

There are many benefits offered to veterans through the Department of Veterans Affairs. In fact, there are so many that a lot of veterans aren’t even sure what’s out there or what they qualify for.

The goal of this post is to create awareness and invite you to take advantage of the benefits you deserve for your honorable service.

We’ve compiled a list of the benefits offered through the Department of Veterans Affairs and have highlighted what the benefit is, what requirements there are, and how to apply for them.

Here’s what’s covered in this post:

Infographic overview of all VA benefits

Disability Compensation

You may be eligible for tax-free monthly benefits if you have disabilities, medical conditions, or injuries that were incurred or aggravated during your active military service. These benefits are available regardless of when or where you served.

VA Requirements for Disability Compensation

  • You have a physical or mental disability
  • You’ve had an injury or disease from a service-related experience
  • You experienced an event in service that caused an injury or disease
  • A link exists between your current disability and the event, injury, or disease from your military service

Here’s a list of documents that you can submit with your claim if you have them:

  • Your DD-214 (or equivalent)
  • Records of service treatment and any supporting documents
  • Private medical records and hospital reports

Surviving Spouses and Dependents Compensation

In addition to the disability benefits available to veterans, surviving spouses or dependent children may also be eligible for compensation benefits through the Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC). This financial benefit is awarded to those who have experienced an economic loss through:

  • The death of a servicemember during military service
  • A veteran’s death that was caused by a service-connected disability
  • The death (not service-connected) of a veteran who was rated by the VA as being totally disabled from a service-connected disability for a period of time before death

How to Apply

There are two ways to apply for compensation:

  1. Apply online with the Department of Veterans Affairs using your eBenefits account, or
  2. Contact an accredited Veterans Service Organization for a representative that can help you submit your claim.

If you have any questions, you can contact the VA toll-free by calling 1 (800) 827-1000.

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Health Care

Veterans can get great health care, and many qualify for VA health care. With over 1,200 sites, the Veterans Health Administration is the largest health care system and is typically ranked as one of the nation’s top healthcare providers.

Here is a list of services that all enrolled veterans have access to:

  • Preventive care
  • Primary care
  • Specialty care
  • Prescriptions
  • Mental health care
  • Home health care
  • Geriatrics and extended care
  • Medical equipment/prosthetics

Additionally, female veterans can receive:

  • Breast and cervical cancer screenings
  • Prenatal care
  • Maternity care coverage
  • Other gender-specific services

VA Requirements for Health Care

In order to be eligible, you must have served in active military, naval, or air service. Dishonorable discharge does not qualify, but any other separation does.

Application requirements include:

  • Your DD-214
  • Your additional health insurance information, including coverage through a spouse/domestic partner
  • Your financial information, including the previous calendar year’s gross income

How to Apply

Submit an application form with the Department of Veterans Affairs. From there, the VA will send you written notification of your enrollment status.

The VA also provides a Health Benefits Explorer tool online so you can check if you’re eligible for health care.

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Education & Vocational Training

Veterans can take advantage of higher education and other vocational-type programs. These VA education benefits can go towards traditional degrees, non-college degrees, on-the-job training, and apprenticeships.

These benefits can help cover the costs of tuition, housing, training, or any other education-related expenses.

You can receive your benefits under one of the following programs offered by the VA:

VA Requirements for Educational and Vocational Benefits

  • Copy of your DD-214
  • Documentation of enlistment incentive or College Fund a.k.a. “Kicker”
  • For housing, you must be enrolled in school for more than half-time (7 credits minimum)

How to Apply

Before applying, the VA recommends that you determine which benefits program is right for you. They provide a chart to assist you.

When you decide which program best fits your needs, you can apply online with the Department of Veterans Affairs. Make sure to plan ahead because VA educational benefits can take a few weeks to process.

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Employment Services

Transitioning from your service to the civilian world can be tough. The VA offers benefits, resources, and services to help with your transition.

In addition to the Educational & Vocational Training benefits, the VA provides other pathways for you to explore:

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Home Loans

The VA home loan program is designed to help veterans become homeowners. The program offers many exclusive benefits for veterans and current servicemembers. These benefits are not offered to civilians and can’t be matched by conventional loans.

Some of the key benefits of VA loans are that they:

  • No requirement for a down payment or mortgage insurance
  • Lower interest rates
  • Reduced closing costs (or none at all)
  • Lenient credit requirements that aren’t as strict as they would be for conventional loans

The three main types of guaranteed loans that VA approved lenders offer are:

  1. Purchase Loans
  2. Cash-Out Refinance Loans
  3. Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loans (IRRRL)

Homes for Disabled Veterans

If you are a disabled veteran with service-connected disabilities, the VA offers grants to help accommodate your home. The grants can help cover things such as installing ramps, widening doors, or making any other modifications to help you live more independently.

There are three types of grants:

  1. Specially Adapted Housing
  2. Special Housing Adaptation
  3. Temporary Residence Adaptation

To apply, you need to fill out VA Form 26-4555 and submit it to the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Native American Veterans

The Native American Direct Loan (NADL) is put in place for Native American veterans who want to live on Federal Trust land. For eligible Native American veterans, it provides a direct loan for purchase, construction, or improvement on a home.

What Happens When a VA Loan Becomes Delinquent?

In the case that a VA loan becomes delinquent, the VA works with the borrower to try and avoid a foreclosure. This can include providing financial counseling or direct intervention with the lender if needed. But, VA loans in 2013 had the lowest foreclosure rate compared to all other types of loans, and this is still the trend today.

If you have difficulty making your mortgage payments, you can call 877-827-3702 to speak with a VA Loan Technician.

VA Requirements for Home Loans

  • Suitable credit
  • Sufficient income
  • Certificate of Eligibility (COE) to show lenders you qualify for the VA home loan benefits
  • Form DD-214
  • Certification demonstrating you’ll occupy the home

For your COE, most VA approved lenders have access to the VA’s automated system and can obtain your COE for you.

Requirements for Specially Adapted Housing (SAH) Grants

  • The VA determines that you are eligible for SAH benefits
  • The proposed property is considered medically feasible for you to live in
  • There are no discrepancies between the cost of the proposed housing and your income and expenses
  • The property is suitable for your needs
  • You have proof of ownership so the property can be adapted

How to Apply

If you’re interested in purchasing a home using your VA benefits, you can contact a VA-approved lender. Also, click here to learn about what you can do before starting the application process. This will help save you time and will make the application process go a lot smoother.

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Help for Homeless Veterans

Homeless veterans, or veterans at risk of becoming homeless, should contact a local VA medical center. You can call 877-424-3838 or go to va.gov/homeless. The VA can help you get the help you need to get you back on your feet.

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Pension

The VA pension is a needs-based benefit there to make life more secure for veterans and their loved ones. It’s geared toward wartime veterans (65 and older) who may have limited or no income or who have permanent and total non-service-connected disability.

Veterans’ Survivors Pension

Spouses and dependent children of wartime veterans may also qualify for the Survivors pension if they meet the net worth and income requirements set by Congress.

Surviving spouses and dependent children who are housebound (or cannot perform the activities of daily living without aid) may be eligible for the Additional Pension Allowance.

VA Requirements for Pension

  • Your proof of income and information on your net worth (bank statements and pay stubs)
  • Your private medical records
  • Any medical records held at a federal facility (for example, your records from visits to a VA hospital)
  • Completed applications such as the VA Form 21-527EZ for the Veterans Pension and the VA Form 21-534EZ for the Survivors Pension
  • If applicable, VA Form 21-2680 for the Additional Pension Allowance

How to Apply

The VA recommends for you to file a Fully Developed Claim (FDC), as it is the fastest way to obtain pension benefits.

The typical steps are:

  • Selecting the type of pension and gathering the required evidence
  • Collecting military medical records and private medical records
  • Confirming there’s no more evidence
  • Submitting your application*

*How you submit your application will depend on the type of pension you are applying for. For specific instructions, visit the VA’s pension page and click on the “How to Apply” tab below the header, towards the right side of your computer screen.

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Life Insurance

Life insurance is a great benefit that’s offered through the VA that provides coverage for veterans, servicemembers, and their families. You can choose from a variety of life insurance options:

For most servicemembers, SGLI is automatic, but VA Form SGLV 8286 could be used to designate beneficiaries. It can also reduce, decline, or restore your coverage.

SGLI can also be converted to VGLI. The VA supplies you a chart so you can see when you should apply.

There’s also the Accelerated Benefits Option. This allows anyone who is terminally ill with less than nine months to live to access their insurance. Typically, you can access about half the value of your policy.

How to Apply

You’ll need to decide which life insurance policy best suits your needs. The VA provides decision-making tools that can help you in your decision.

After you make a decision, you can get started here.

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Memorial Benefits

A benefit that a lot of individuals don’t know about are the VA memorial benefits. The VA provides these benefits to honor and pay a lasting tribute to those who have served and sacrificed their lives.

There are 135 VA national cemeteries located in 40 states and Puerto Rico, and the department is looking to increase this number so that veterans and eligible family members can be close to home.

Additionally, the VA offers the benefit of a final resting place for eligible spouses as well as dependents. Click here to learn more about eligibility.

Burial in a VA national cemetery includes:

  • Opening and closing of the grave
  • Burial of cremated remains or placement in an above-ground vault
  • A government-furnished grave liner
  • Ongoing care of the gravesite
  • Inscription on the headstone or grave marker
  • A burial flag
  • A Presidential Memorial Certificate
  • Transportation of the flower arrangements to the gravesite

The VA also provides some benefits to veterans who choose to be buried in a private cemetery, including:

  • A government headstone, marker, or medallion
  • A burial flag
  • A Presidential Memorial Certificate

Survivors may also be entitled to VA burial allowances for a partial reimbursement of the burial costs.

VA Requirements for Memorial Benefits

All you need are the discharge papers to verify eligibility.

How to Apply

Check out the Department of Veterans Affairs’ memorial benefits page to learn about what you need to do to prepare for any memorial benefit.

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Conclusion

As you can see, the Department of Veterans Affairs offers many benefits for all of you who have served and sacrificed your time and your lives. We hope this post was helpful and that you’ll take advantage of the benefits that you’ve earned and deserve.

For further questions regarding any of these benefits, contact your local VA office.

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